JOURNAL ARTICLE

Measuring preference-based quality of life using the EuroQol EQ-5D in patients with cerebral aneurysms

Joseph T King, Joel Tsevat, Mark S Roberts
Neurosurgery 2009, 65 (3): 565-72; discussion 572-3
19687702

OBJECTIVE: Cerebral aneurysms can adversely affect quality of life (QOL) via mass effect, subarachnoid hemorrhage, anxiety, or treatment sequelae. The EuroQol EQ-5D is a popular generic 5-item multiple-choice survey questionnaire that measures preference-based QOL on a 0 to 1 scale. We assessed the validity and reliability of the EQ-5D in patients with cerebral aneurysms.

METHODS: We collected data from 178 neurosurgery clinic patients with cerebral aneurysms. Patients were assigned Glasgow Outcome Scale, Rankin scale, Barthel index, and Physical Performance Test scores, and completed the Short-Form 12, Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale, and the EQ-5D. We assessed the construct validity of the EQ-5D by comparing the EQ-5D and the other scales using rank-order methods and multivariate linear regression. Reliability was assessed with Cronbach's alpha.

RESULTS: Patients had a mean age of 54.7 years (standard deviation, 12.6 years), 131 (74%) were women, and 98 (55%) had survived a subarachnoid hemorrhage. The mean EQ-5D score was 0.80 (standard deviation, 0.19). Construct validity of the EQ-5D was confirmed by statistically significant associations between EQ-5D and Glasgow Outcome Scale, Rankin scale, Barthel index, Physical Performance Test, Short-Form 12 Physical Component Summary, and Hospital Anxiety and Depression scores (for all, P < or = 0.05). Multivariate regression showed that the EQ-5D scores were independently associated with the Barthel index, Short-Form 12 Physical Component Summary, and Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale anxiety and depression subscales (pseudo R = 0.40). Reliability was demonstrated by Cronbach's alpha of 0.70.

CONCLUSION: The EQ-5D is a valid and reliable instrument for measuring QOL in patients with cerebral aneurysms. The EQ-5D provides a single QOL value incorporating functional status, physical functioning, and mental health.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
19687702
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"