JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Effects of terlipressin on systemic, hepatic and renal hemodynamics in patients with cirrhosis

Yoshiyuki Narahara, Hidenori Kanazawa, Yasuhiko Taki, Yuu Kimura, Masanori Atsukawa, Tamaki Katakura, Hideko Kidokoro, Hirotomo Harimoto, Takeshi Fukuda, Yoko Matsushita, Katsuhisa Nakatsuka, Choitsu Sakamoto
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 2009, 24 (11): 1791-7
19686420

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Terlipressin has been shown to be effective in the management of hepatorenal syndrome. However, how terlipressin exerts its effect on the renal artery is unknown. The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of terlipressin on systemic, hepatic and renal hemodynamics in cirrhosis.

METHODS: Twenty-eight patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension were studied. Systemic and hepatic hemodynamics, hepatic and renal arterial resistive indices and neurohumoral factors were measured prior to and 30 min after intravenous administration of 1 mg terlipressin (n = 19) or placebo (n = 9).

RESULTS: After terlipressin, there were significant increases in both mean arterial pressure (P < 0.001) and systemic vascular resistance (P < 0.001), whereas heart rate (P < 0.001) and cardiac output (P < 0.001) decreased significantly. There was a significant decrease in the hepatic venous pressure gradient (P < 0.001). Portal venous blood flow also decreased significantly (P < 0.001). The mean hepatic arterial velocity increased significantly (P < 0.001). Although there was a significant decrease in the hepatic arterial resistive index (0.72 +/- 0.08 to 0.69 +/- 0.08, P < 0.001) and renal arterial resistive index (0.74 +/- 0.07 to 0.68 +/- 0.07, P < 0.001), portal vascular resistance was unchanged (P = 0.231). Plasma renin activity decreased significantly (P < 0.005), and there was a significant correlation between this decline and the decrease in renal arterial resistive index (r = 0.764, P < 0.005). The effects of terlipressin on systemic, hepatic and renal hemodynamics were observed similarly in patients with and without ascites. Placebo caused no significant effects.

CONCLUSION: Terlipressin decreases hepatic and renal arterial resistance in patients with cirrhosis.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
19686420
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"