Postinfarction gene therapy with adenoviral vector expressing decorin mitigates cardiac remodeling and dysfunction

Longhu Li, Hideshi Okada, Genzou Takemura, Ken-ichiro Kosai, Hiromitsu Kanamori, Masayasu Esaki, Tomoyuki Takahashi, Kazuko Goto, Akiko Tsujimoto, Rumi Maruyama, Itta Kawamura, Tomonori Kawaguchi, Toshiaki Takeyama, Takako Fujiwara, Hisayoshi Fujiwara, Shinya Minatoguchi
American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology 2009, 297 (4): H1504-13
The small leucine-rich proteoglycan decorin is a natural inhibitor of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) and exerts antifibrotic effects in heart and to stimulate skeletal muscle regeneration. We investigated decorin's chronic effects on postinfarction cardiac remodeling and dysfunction. Myocardial infarction (MI) was induced in mice by left coronary artery ligation. An adenoviral vector encoding human decorin (Ad. CAG-decorin) was then injected into the hindlimbs on day 3 post-MI (control, Ad.CAG-LacZ). Four weeks post-MI, the decorin-treated mice showed significant mitigation of the left ventricular dilatation and dysfunction seen in control mice. Although infarct size did not differ between the two groups, the infarcted wall thickness was greater and the segmental length of the infarct was smaller in decorin-treated mice. In addition, cellular components, including myofibroblasts and blood vessels, were more abundant within the infarcted area in decorin-treated mice, and fibrosis was significantly reduced in both the infarcted and noninfarcted areas of the left ventricular wall. Ten days post-MI, there was greater cell proliferation and less apoptosis among granulation tissue cells in the infarcted areas of decorin-treated mice. The treatment, however, did not affect proliferation and apoptosis of salvaged cardiomyocytes. Although decorin gene therapy did not affect TGF-beta1 expression in the infarcted heart, it inhibited Smad2/3 activation (downstream mediators of TGF-beta signaling). In summary, postinfarction decorin gene therapy mitigated cardiac remodeling and dysfunction by altering infarct tissue noncardiomyocyte dynamics and preventing cardiac fibrosis, accompanying inhibition of Smad2/3 activation.

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