Multiple micronutrients including iron are not more effective than iron alone for improving hemoglobin and iron status of Malian school children

Mohamed Ag Ayoya, Gerburg Maria Spiekermann-Brouwer, Abdel Kader Traoré, Rebecca Joyce Stoltzfus, Jean-Pierre Habicht, Cutberto Garza
Journal of Nutrition 2009, 139 (10): 1972-9
Iron deficiency and anemia remain among the most important global public health problems facing school children. Helminth infections often peak at school age and aggravate nutritional risks. We conducted a 12-wk randomized controlled trial in 406 Malian anemic schoolchildren infected with Schistosoma hematobium to examine the effects of 2 doses of praziquantel (P) (40 mg/kg body weight), P + 60 mg/d iron (Fe), and/or a multiple micronutrient supplement (MM) that included 18 mg/d Fe. Supplements were administered to the children each school day (5 d/wk) throughout the study. Changes in hemoglobin (Hb), serum ferritin (SF), and serum transferrin receptors (s-TfR) were followed. We also examined interactions between Fe and MM supplements on Hb and SF concentrations and malaria incidence. The effects of Fe on Hb and SF concentrations were greater than the effects of P alone and MM with or without added Fe at 6 and 12 wk (P < 0.001). In all groups, s-TfR decreased at 6 and 12 wk compared with baseline. The decrease was most pronounced in the P + Fe group compared with the other 3 groups at wk 6 (P = 0.05). Fe and MM interacted negatively at wk 6 and 12 to affect Hb (beta = -0.43, 95% CI = -0.77, -0.09; P = 0.01 and beta = -0.47, 95% CI = -0.83, -0.11; P = 0.01, respectively) and SF (beta = -0.42, 95% CI = -25.60, 12.31; P < 0.001, and beta = -0.37, 95% CI = -0.63, -0.12; P = 0.004, respectively). Malaria incidence was higher in the groups treated with added Fe (relative risk: 1.66; 95% CI: 0.75, 3.67). In this context, MM with added iron were not more effective than Fe without MM. Fe supplementation of schoolchildren with 60 mg/d for anemia control should be considered carefully.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"