Efficacy of cancellous block allograft augmentation prior to implant placement in the posterior atrophic mandible

Joseph Nissan, Oded Ghelfan, Ofer Mardinger, Shlomo Calderon, Gavriel Chaushu
Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research 2011, 13 (4): 279-85

BACKGROUND: The present study evaluated the outcome of ridge augmentation with cancellous freeze-dried block bone allografts in the posterior atrophic mandible followed by placement of dental implants.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A bony deficiency of at least 3 mm, horizontally, vertically, or both, according to computerized tomography (CT) para-axial reconstruction served as inclusion criteria. Implants were inserted after a healing period of 6 months. Bone measurements were taken prior to bone augmentation, during implant placement, and at second-stage surgery. Marginal bone loss and crown-to-implant ratio were also measured.

RESULTS: Twenty-nine cancellous allogeneic bone blocks were placed in 21 patients. The mean follow-up was 37 months. Bone block survival rate was 79.3%. Mean horizontal and vertical bone gains were 5.6 and 4.3 mm, respectively. Mean buccal bone resorption was 0.5 mm at implant placement and 0.2 mm at second-stage surgery. A total of 85 implants were placed. Mean bone thickness buccal to the implant neck was 2.5 mm at implant placement and 2.3 mm at second-stage surgery. There was no evidence of vertical bone loss between implant placement and second-stage surgery. Implant survival rate was 95.3%. All patients received a fixed implant-supported prosthesis. At the last follow-up, the mean marginal bone loss was 0.5 mm. The mean crown-to-implant ratio was 0.96.

CONCLUSION: Implant placement in the posterior atrophic mandible following augmentation with cancellous freeze-dried bone block allografts may be regarded as a viable treatment alternative.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"