JOURNAL ARTICLE

Dofequidar fumarate sensitizes cancer stem-like side population cells to chemotherapeutic drugs by inhibiting ABCG2/BCRP-mediated drug export

Ryohei Katayama, Sumie Koike, Shigeo Sato, Yoshikazu Sugimoto, Takashi Tsuruo, Naoya Fujita
Cancer Science 2009, 100 (11): 2060-8
19673889
The ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters (ABC-T) actively efflux structurally and mechanistically unrelated anticancer drugs from cells. As a consequence, they can confer multidrug resistance (MDR) to cancer cells. ABC-T are also reported to be phenotypic markers and functional regulators of cancer stem/initiating cells (CSC) and believed to be associated with tumor initiation, progression, and relapse. Dofequidar fumarate, an orally active quinoline compound, has been reported to overcome MDR by inhibiting ABCB1/P-gp, ABCC1/MDR-associated protein 1, or both. Phase III clinical trials suggested that dofequidar had efficacy in patients who had not received prior therapy. Here we show that dofequidar inhibits the efflux of chemotherapeutic drugs and increases the sensitivity to anticancer drugs in CSC-like side population (SP) cells isolated from various cancer cell lines. Dofequidar treatment greatly reduced the cell number in the SP fraction. Estimation of ABC-T expression revealed that ABCG2/breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) mRNA level, but not the ABCB1/P-gp or ABCC1/MDR-associated protein 1 mRNA level, in all the tested SP cells was higher than that in non-SP cells. The in vitro vesicle transporter assay clarified that dofequidar had the ability to suppress ABCG2/BCRP function. Dofequidar treatment sensitized SP cells to anticancer agents in vitro. We compared the antitumor efficacy of irinotecan (CPT-11) alone with that of CPT-11 plus dofequidar in xenografted SP cells. Although xenografted SP tumors showed resistance to CPT-11, treatment with CPT-11 plus dofequidar greatly reduced the SP-derived tumor growth in vivo. Our results suggest the possibility of selective eradication of CSC by inhibiting ABCG2/BCRP.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
19673889
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"