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[Start-up and steady operation of two stage UASB-SBR new process for treatment of real landfill leachate of high strength ammonia-nitrogen]

Hong-Wei Sun, Yong-Zhen Peng, Xiao-Ning Shi, Shu-Ying Wang, Shu-Jun Zhang, Qing Yang, Ying Chen
Huan Jing Ke Xue= Huanjing Kexue 2009 June 15, 30 (6): 1681-8
19662851
Under the well-controlled experimental conditions, the biological treatability of real municipal landfill leachate with high strength nitrogen and high chemical oxygen demand (COD) concentration using anoxic/anaerobic upflow anaerobic sludge bed (UASB) -sequencing batch reactor (SBR) combined process was conducted in laboratory. The results indicated: stable anoxic/anaerobic UASB-SBR process performance was developed during running continuously for five phase (116 d) when feed COD concentration was range from 1 237.2 mg/L to 12596.8 mg/L, effluent COD concentration was between 108.4 mg/L and 528.26 mg/L, and when the influent ammonia nitrogen (NH4(+) -N) was changed from 155.8 mg/L to 1298.0 mg/L, the effluent NH4(+) -N was varied from 0.12 mg/L to 4.1 mg/L, it achieved high COD and NH4(+) -N removal efficiency. In this present study, it is noted that the anoxic UASB1 has two significant effects: firstly, denitrification reaction of high efficiency was conducted for SBR nitrified effluent recirculated by using the abundant organic matters in the raw leachate as carbon source. Secondly, its removal COD was highly effected by anaerobic biodegradation. The effluent COD of anoxic UASB1 was biodegraded further in the anaerobic UASB2 and aerobic SBR, the maximum organic loading rates (OLR) (as COD) were 13.0, 2.09, 2.14 kg/(m3 x d), respectively. In addition, the correlation between OLR with OLRrem and COD removal efficiency of three reactors was studied, relation between nitrogen loading rate (NLR) with NH4(+) -N removal efficiency of SBR was tested by linear regression analysis, it was found that the OLR of anoxic UASB1, anaerobic UASB2 and aerobic SBR increased linearly with OLRrem. As to SBR, the correlation was significant between NLR (as N) with NLRrem. In addition, the OLR of three reactors shows second order exponential correlation with COD removal efficiency. At last, when the water temperature of SBR ranged from 20.7 degrees C to 10.3 degrees C, and dissolved oxygen was controlled below 1.0 mg/L, the efficiencies of nitrification and denitrification were above 98.5% and 97.7% during the whole experimental running period, it achieved advanced nitrogen removal.

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