Predicting factors for the follow-up outcome and management decisions in vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations

Sasikhan Geibprasert, Timo Krings, Derek Armstrong, Karel G Terbrugge, Charles A Raybaud
Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery 2010, 26 (1): 35-46

PURPOSE: Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations (VGAMs) are choroidal arteriovenous malformations that develop during an early embryonic stage. Although recent reports have shown improved outcome for these patients, the overall outcome still is poor. In this study, we evaluated the clinical, imaging, and angiographic features that may predict the outcome in VGAM patients.

METHODS: Twenty-five patients diagnosed with VGAM were reviewed for clinical symptoms, including neonatal scoring systems, imaging findings, angioarchitecture, treatment decision, initial treatment age, follow-up timing, and follow-up outcome.

RESULTS: Factors that were significantly associated with a poor outcome (p < 0.05) included neurological symptoms at presentation, a medium-to-low overall neonatal score (<12/21), a very poor score (<2/5) in one (or more) categories, focal parenchymal changes, calcifications, tonsillar herniation, arterial steal, or more than two groups of multiple arterial feeders. The venous drainage pattern and treatment age were not significantly associated with the overall outcome.

CONCLUSIONS: The presence of multiple factors that are related with poor outcome may warrant withholding aggressive treatment, while a small subgroup of carefully selected patients without any of these factors who are clinically asymptomatic may have a good outcome even with conservative management and close follow-up. For all other patients in which treatment is considered, the optimal treatment time is at 4-5 months of age; however, urgent treatment, regardless of age, should be indicated in those that do not have permanent brain damage on imaging with deteriorating congestive heart failure, evidence of arterial steal, or progressive occlusion of the venous outflow.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.