RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Cold blood cardioplegia reduces the increase in cardiac enzyme levels compared with cold crystalloid cardioplegia in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement for isolated aortic stenosis.

OBJECTIVES: Cardiac arrest during cardiac surgery is most commonly induced by cold blood or cold crystalloid cardioplegia. The results from clinical studies are divergent regarding which of the 2 solutions provides better myocardial protection. This might be explained by several factors. Both heterogeneity in disease for the included patients and the fact that most studies are retrospective in design and that patients with coronary artery disease with different degrees of myocardial ischemia are included might explain these findings. To circumvent these potentially confounding factors, we included in a prospective randomized study only patients undergoing aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis without other significant cardiac disease. Patients were randomized to antegrade cold crystalloid or cold blood cardioplegia.

METHODS: Eighty patients with aortic stenosis undergoing aortic valve replacement without significant coronary artery stenosis or other significant concomitant heart valve disease were included in the study. They were randomized to either antegrade cold blood or cold crystalloid cardioplegic solution delivered through the coronary ostia every 20 minutes throughout the period of aortic crossclamping. Maximum postoperative creatine kinase isoenzyme MB and troponin-T levels, well-established markers of myocardial damage, were compared between the 2 groups.

RESULTS: Both maximum postoperative creatine kinase isoenzyme MB and troponin-T levels were significantly higher by approximately 100% in the cohort of patients receiving crystalloid compared with blood cardioplegia. Only in the group of patients receiving cold crystalloid cardioplegia was there a positive correlation between cardiac enzyme levels and crossclamp time.

CONCLUSION: Antegrade cold blood cardioplegia provides better myocardial protection than cold crystalloid cardioplegia in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app