JOURNAL ARTICLE

Synthesis and spectroscopic studies of composite gold nanorods with a double-shell structure composed of spacer and cyanine dye J-aggregate layers

Akihito Yoshida, Naoko Uchida, Noritsugu Kometani
Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids 2009 October 6, 25 (19): 11802-7
19655781
The composite gold nanorods (Au NRs) having a double-shell structure composed of Au NR (core), spacer layer (inner shell), and J-aggregate (JA) layer (outer shell) have been synthesized to examine the spectroscopic properties of the hybrid system in which the localized surface plasmon is coupled with the molecular exciton of JA. The spacer layer consisting of N,N,N-trimethyl(11-mercaptoundecyl)ammonium chloride plays a significant role in the formation of JA shell for several kinds of cyanine dyes. The absorption spectra of composite NRs are characterized by a distinct dip near the J-band when the plasmon energy of Au core is close to the exciton energy of JA shell, whereas a normal J-band peak appears when two energies are widely different from each other. The gradual change from the dip type to peak type absorption was observed when the plasmon energy was modulated by varying the aspect ratio of Au NR. Furthermore, composite NRs with thicker spacer layers have been fabricated by inserting the multilayer shell of polyelectrolytes between TMA and JA layers. They exhibited an alteration of the spectral line shape from the dip type to peak type with increase in the thickness of spacer layer. These observations have been interpreted in terms of the strength of the exciton-plasmon coupling, which is sensitive to the configuration of composite NRs as well as the relative difference between plasmon and exciton energies.

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