Alterations in pharmacological action of the right ventricle of monocrotaline-induced pulmonary hypertensive rats

Takuya Daicho, Tatsuya Yagi, Saori Takano, Tetsuro Marunouchi, Yohei Abe, Meiko Ohara, Satoshi Takeo, Kouichi Tanonaka
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 2009, 32 (8): 1378-84
The present study was undertaken to elucidate pathophysiological and pharmacological alterations in the right ventricle in monocrotaline-administered (MCT) rats. Examination of tissue weights of the MCT and age-matched control (CON) rats indicated the right ventricular (RV) hypertrophy until 8 weeks after a single subcutaneous administration of 60 mg/kg MCT. Apparent fibrosis in the right ventricle of the MCT rat at the 6th week (6w-MCT) was observed. Echocardiographic measurement of the cardiac and hemodynamic parameters of the MCT rat showed decreases in cardiac output and stroke volume indices at the 6th and 8th weeks. The RV Tei index, which increase represents aggravation of RV function, was augmented at the 4th to 8th week. The results suggest the genesis of cardiac and RV failure until 6 weeks after MCT administration. Injection of dobutamine (300 ng) or colforsin daropate (1 microg) into the perfused right ventricle isolated from CON rat at the 6th week resulted in a marked increase in cardiac double product, whereas injection of either agent into the right ventricle from the 6w-MCT rat elicited a small increase in the double product, followed by a sustained decrease in the developed tension. Infusion of acetylcholine (1 microg) into the RV muscle of the 6w-MCT rat resulted in prolongation of the periods for cardiac arrest and for bradycardia of the right ventricle. The results suggest that MCT administration causes the RV hypertrophy and eventually leads to the RV failure, accompanied by abnormal inotropic and chronotropic actions of the RV muscle.

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