JOURNAL ARTICLE

[The effect of the type II collagen protein from Zaocys on cytokines production by synoviocytes in rats with adjuvant arthritis]

Jie Pang, Juan Li, Xiang-Hui Wu, He-Yong Wu
Zhong Yao Cai, Zhongyaocai, Journal of Chinese Medicinal Materials 2009, 32 (4): 556-60
19645241

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of the type II collagen (C II) protein from Zaocys on cytokines production by synoviocytes in rats with adjuvant arthritis (AA).

METHODS: Type II collagen protein was abstracted and purificated from Zaocys. Adjuvant arthritis (AA) was induced by a single intradermal injection of 0.1 mL of complete Freund's adjuvant into the left hind paw. Synoviocytes' supernatants were harvested and synoviocytes-Peyer's Patches (PP) cells coculture system were developed. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) activity was measured by L929 cytotoxicity bioassay and Interleukin (IL)-1beta activity was measured by MTT dye reduction. The synoviocytes' supernatants cytokines' levels were detected by ELISA.

RESULTS: Each concentration of C II from Zaocys had no effect on IL-1beta and TNF-alpha production by synoviocytes in vitro. Middle concentration of C II suppressed the activity of IL-1beta and TNF-alpha production by synoviocytes-PP cells coculture system (P < 0.05). Treating with low and high dose of C II suppressed the activity of TNF-alpha and IL-1beta producing by synoviocyte (P < 0.05), significantly suppressed in the group of AA rats treated with middle dose of C II (P < 0.01). Treating with middle and high dose of C II decreased the level of synoviocytes' supernatants TNF-alpha (P < 0.05), the level of synoviocytes' supernatants IL-1beta decreased in all treating groups (P < 0.05). Treating with middle dose of C II increased the level of serum TGF-beta (P < 0.05). Middle concentration of C II suppressed the activity of IL-1 and TNF production by synoviocytes-PP cells coculture system (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: C II from Zaocys has no direct effect on the activity of IL-1beta and TNF production by synoviocytes in vitro. Oral administration of type II collagen protein from Zaocys can effectively suppressed the activity and level of the cytokines production by synoviocytes in rats with adjuvant arthritis (AA).

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