[Qualitative and quantitative CT analysis of acute pulmonary failure]

A W Reske, M Seiwerts
Der Radiologe 2009, 49 (8): 687-97
Since its first application in patients with acute lung injury 25 years ago, computed tomography (CT) has significantly influenced the understanding of the pathophysiology, diagnosis and management of acute lung injury and has become an important diagnostic modality for these patients. The aim of this article is to review important disease-specific aspects of CT acquisition and qualitative and quantitative analyses of CT data. Morphological changes seen on CT and associated functional alterations are discussed. Methods used for the quantification of lung aeration are described and their limitations outlined.

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