Enhanced effects of BMP-binding peptide combined with recombinant human BMP-2 on the healing of a rodent segmental femoral defect

Yuichiro Morishita, Masatoshi Naito, Masashi Miyazaki, Wubing He, Guizhong Wu, Feng Wei, Chananit Sintuu, Henry Hymanson, Elsa J Brochmann, Samuel S Murray, Jeffrey C Wang
Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society 2010, 28 (2): 258-64
BMP-binding peptide (BBP) enhances the osteogenic activity of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2), but the mechanism underlying the enhancement remains unclear. We aimed to elucidate the potential enhanced efficacy of BBP using critical-sized segmental femoral bone defects in rats. Seventy defects in seven groups of rats were filled with various amounts (0, 2, 5, and 10 microg) of rhBMP-2 with or without 1000 microg BBP. Radiographs were obtained after 4 and 8 weeks. The animals were euthanized at 8 weeks, and femoral specimens were assessed manually, evaluated for bone volume using microcomputed tomography, and subjected to histological or biomechanical analysis. Although 10 microg rhBMP-2 yielded consistent results in terms of bone healing and quality of bone repair across the segmental defect, lower doses of rhBMP-2 failed to induce satisfactory bone healing. However, the combined administration of lower doses of rhBMP-2 and BBP induced the formation of significantly large amounts of bone. Our results suggest that the combined administration of rhBMP-2 and BBP facilitates bone healing and has potential clinical applications.

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