COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Comparison of sublingual misoprostol, intravenous oxytocin, and intravenous methylergometrine in active management of the third stage of labor

Gunjan Singh, Gita Radhakrishnan, Kiran Guleria
International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics 2009, 107 (2): 130-4
19628206

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and adverse effects of sublingual misoprostol, intravenous oxytocin, and intravenous methylergometrine in active management of the third stage of labor (AMTSL).

METHODS: A double-blind randomized trial of 300 women with a healthy singleton pregnancy allocated into 4 groups to receive either: 400 microg or 600 microg of sublingual misoprostol, 5 IU of intravenous oxytocin, or 200 microg of intravenous methylergometrine. The primary outcome measure was blood loss in the third and fourth stage of labor; secondary measures were duration of the third stage of labor, changes in hemoglobin levels, and adverse effects.

RESULTS: Patients who received 600 microg of misoprostol had the lowest blood loss (96.05+/-21.1 mL), followed by 400 microg of misoprostol (126.24+/-49.3 mL), oxytocin (154.7+/-45.7 mL), and methylergometrine (223.4+/-73.7 mL) (P<0.01). Shortest mean duration of the third stage of labor (5.74 minutes) was with 600 microg of misoprostol, while methylergometrine had the longest (6.83 minutes) (P<0.05). Pyrexia was observed in the misoprostol groups, and raised blood pressure in the methylergometrine group (P<0.001). The 24-hour postpartum hemoglobin level was similar among the groups (P>0.05).

CONCLUSION: Administration of 600 microg of sublingual misoprostol was more effective than 400 microg of misoprostol, intravenous oxytocin, and intravenous methylergometrine for AMTSL.

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