Expression of the TRPM8-immunoreactivity in dorsal root ganglion neurons innervating the rat urinary bladder

Tokumasa Hayashi, Teruyoshi Kondo, Masaru Ishimatsu, Satoko Yamada, Kei-ichiro Nakamura, Kei Matsuoka, Takashi Akasu
Neuroscience Research 2009, 65 (3): 245-51
The neurochemical phenotypes of the transient receptor potential melastatin-8 (TRPM8)-immunoreactive afferent neurons innervating the rat urinary bladder were examined by using a highly sensitive tyramide signal amplification method, combined with wheat-germ agglutinin-horseradish peroxidase (WGA-HRP) retrograde tracing. TRPM8-immunoreactivity was detected in a small proportion of the WGA-HRP-labeled bladder afferent neurons in the dorsal root ganglia of the Th13-L1 (1.14%) and the L6-S1 (1.27%), and these neurons were small in size (<600 microm(2)). The 82.6+/-3.8% of the TRPM8-immunoreactive bladder afferent neurons and 80.9+/-1.5% of the total population of the TRPM8-immunoreactive afferent neurons in the observed dorsal root ganglia expressed NF200. On the other hand, the proportions of the co-expression of TRPM8 and nociceptive markers such as calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 (TRPV1), and isolectin B4 (IB4) in the bladder afferent neurons (81.5+/-5.2% for CGRP, 36.1+/-4.0% for TRPV1, and 15.8+/-5.5% for IB4) were higher in comparison to those in the total population of the TRPM8-immunoreactive afferent neurons (21.9+/-2.4% for CGRP, 16.6+/-1.7% for TRPV1, and 5.4+/-0.5% for IB4), although no significant difference existed for IB4. Our results suggest that the TRPM8-expressing bladder afferents should be classified as Adelta-fibers and C-fibers, while some of these afferents may be involved in nociceptive sensations.

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