Protective effect of Gymnema montanum against renal damage in experimental diabetic rats

Kunga Mohan Ramkumar, Ponnirul Ponmanickam, Shanmugam Velayuthaprabhu, Govindaraju Archunan, Palanisamy Rajaguru
Food and Chemical Toxicology 2009, 47 (10): 2516-21
Gymnema montanum Hook (Asclepiadaceae), is an endemic plant species of India, traditionally used for diabetes and its management. In this experiment, the ethanol extract of G. montanum (GLEt) at a dose of 200mg/kg body weight was tested to evaluate its effect on renal damage in alloxan-induced diabetic rats and the efficacy was compared with standard hypoglycemic drug, glibenclamide (600 microg/kg body weight). The GLEt and glibenclamide were administered orally for 3 weeks and the effects on glucose, insulin, renal markers including urea, creatinine and uric acid, lipid peroxidation markers including thiobarbituric reactive substances (TBARS) and hydroperoxides and antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) activities in kidney were studied. In addition, the urinary protein profile was studied using SDS-PAGE. The results indicated that the GLEt significantly normalized the elevated blood glucose, renal markers and lipid peroxidation markers and increased antioxidant levels in diabetic kidney. The diabetic rats excreted large amount of proteins than untreated rats which was normalized during the treatment with GLEt. In conclusion, the GLEt was found to be more effective in reducing oxidative stress, thus confirming the ethnopharmacological use of G. montanum in protecting diabetes and its complications.

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