Association of serum glycated albumin, C-reactive protein and ICAM-1 levels with diffuse coronary artery disease in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Cao Jin, Lin Lu, Rui Yan Zhang, Qi Zhang, Feng Hua Ding, Qiu Jing Chen, Wei Feng Shen
Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry 2009, 408 (1): 45-9

BACKGROUND: We assessed the possible association of glycated albumin (GA) and circulatory adhesion molecules with diffuse coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

METHODS: Six hundred and two consecutive patients with CAD, based upon angiographic features and presence or absence of T2DM, were categorized as Group I (296 patients with non-diffuse CAD but no T2DM), Group II (138 patients with diffuse CAD but no T2DM), Group III (78 patients with non-diffuse CAD and T2DM) and Group IV (90 patients with diffuse CAD and T2DM). Serum levels of glycated albumin, adhesion molecules, endogenous secretory receptor of advanced glycation end products (esRAGE) and inflammatory factors were determined.

RESULTS: Serum levels of GA, hsCRP, sVCAM-1, sICAM-1 and sE-selectin were increased, while esRAGE levels were decreased in diabetic patients than in non-diabetic patients (all P<0.001). These levels (except sVCAM-1 and sE-selectin) differed between Groups III and IV (all P<0.05). Moreover, GA levels correlated with sE-selectin and sICAM-1 concentrations (both P<0.05). Multivariable regression analysis revealed that male, hypertension, GA, hsCRP and sICAM-1 were independently associated with diffuse CAD in diabetic patients.

CONCLUSIONS: This study addresses an association of increased GA, hsCRP and sICAM-1 levels with diffuse CAD in patients with T2DM.

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