Kinetics and equilibrium of desorption removal of copper from magnetic polymer adsorbent

Jyi-Yeong Tseng, Ching-Yuan Chang, Chiung-Fen Chang, Yi-Hung Chen, Chia-Chi Chang, Dar-Ren Ji, Chun-Yu Chiu, Pen-Chi Chiang
Journal of Hazardous Materials 2009 November 15, 171 (1): 370-7
This study examined the desorption of copper ions, which were adsorbed on the magnetic polymer adsorbent (MPA) of polyvinyl acetate-iminodiacetic acid (M-PVAC-IDA), by ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA). Stage-wise desorptions were applied to remove the Cu(II) ions from the Cu(II) adsorbed M-PVAC-IDA (A-M-PVAC-IDA). About seven desorption runs were needed to regenerate the A-M-PVAC-IDA. The Cu(II) desorbed M-PVAC-IDA (D-M-PVAC-IDA) was then reused to adsorb the Cu(II) ions from the Cu(II) ions-containing solution. The cyclic adsorption and desorption operations (CADOs) were performed to further elucidate the kinetics and equilibria of the desorption system of EDTA/A-M-PVAC-IDA and the adsorption system of Cu(II)-containing solution/D-M-PVAC-IDA. Two simple kinetic models, the pseudo-first-order equation and pseudo-second-order equation, were employed to simulate the kinetic behaviors of adsorption and desorption. With respect to the kinetics of adsorption behavior, the simulated results by both kinetic models exhibit good agreement with the experimental data. However, the adsorption capacities (q(e)) estimated by the pseudo-first-order equation are more accurate in comparison with those simulated by the pseudo-second-order equation. As for the desorption kinetics, the examination of correlation coefficients of model fittings of data shows that the pseudo-first-order kinetic model gives the better agreement for the cases with different initial solid-phase concentrations and can accurately compute the equilibrium concentrations of solid-phase. The values of q(e) after CADOs are consistent with the predicted results via the previous work, evidencing that the adsorption behavior and the characteristics of the regenerated adsorbent of D-M-PVAC-IDA were not altered. In the experiments of desorbing copper ions and CADOs, the desorption isotherm was set up. The Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption (or desorption) isotherms were used to simulate the equilibrium of desorption. The results indicate that the Freundlich equation shows better agreement with the experimental data than the Langmuir equation. The information thus obtained is useful for the better use of M-PVAC-IDA on the removal of heavy mental ions of Cu(II) from the Cu(II) ion-containing water solution with the consideration of its regeneration.

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