Mental illness stigma and disclosure: consequences of coming out of the closet

Arjan E R Bos, Daphne Kanner, Peter Muris, Birgit Janssen, Birgit Mayer
Issues in Mental Health Nursing 2009, 30 (8): 509-13
The present study investigated disclosure patterns among mental health consumers (N = 500) and examined the relationships among disclosure, perceived stigmatization, perceived social support, and self-esteem. Results suggest that selective disclosure optimizes social support and limits stigmatization. Perceived stigmatization has a detrimental impact on self-esteem, especially for those who are relatively open about their mental disorder.

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