Removal of mercury(II) from aqueous solution using moss (Drepanocladus revolvens) biomass: equilibrium, thermodynamic and kinetic studies

Ahmet Sari, Mustafa Tuzen
Journal of Hazardous Materials 2009 November 15, 171 (1): 500-7
The equilibrium, thermodynamics and kinetics of the biosorption of Hg(II) onto moss (Drepanocladus revolvens) biomass from aqueous solution were investigated. Optimum experimental parameters were determined to be pH 5.5, contact time 60min, biomass concentration 4 g L(-1) of solution, and temperature 20 degrees C. From the Langmuir model the maximum biosorption capacity of the moss biomass was found to be 94.4 mg g(-1). The mean free energy value (10.2 kJ mol(-1)) evaluated by using the Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R) model indicated that the biosorption of mercury ions onto D. revolvens was taken place by chemical ion-exchange. The kinetic studies indicated that the biosorption process of mercury ions followed well pseudo-second-order model. The calculated thermodynamic parameters (DeltaG degrees , DeltaS degrees , DeltaH degrees ) showed the biosorption to be exothermic and spontaneous with decreased randomness at the solid-solution interface. The recovery of the Hg(II) from D. revolvens biomass was found to be 99% using 1M HCl. It was concluded that the D. revolvens biomass can be used as biosorbent for the treatment of wastewaters containing Hg(II) ions.

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