Usefulness of natriuretic peptide testing for long-term risk assessment following acute ischemic stroke

Jesper K Jensen, Dan Atar, Søren R Kristensen, Hans Mickley, James L Januzzi
American Journal of Cardiology 2009 July 15, 104 (2): 287-91
Acute-phase levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and the N-terminal fragment of the BNP prohormone (NT-pro-BNP) have been associated with mortality when measured in patients with an acute ischemic stroke; however, data regarding the longer-term value of NT-pro-BNP for long-term prognostication after ischemic stroke are limited. Two hundred sixteen patients (mean age 67 +/- 13 years) with acute ischemic stroke were seen 6 months after index admission at which time a structured evaluation including measurement of plasma NT-pro-BNP was performed. Patients were followed for 45 months, with all-cause mortality as the clinical end point. Median NT-pro-BNP concentration for the entire group was 147 pg/ml (10th to 90th percentiles 37 to 869). At follow-up 45 patients (21%) had died. NT-pro-BNP concentrations were significantly higher in decedents (308 pg/ml, 10th to 90th percentiles 74 to 2,279) than in the 171 survivors (132 pg/ml, 10th to 90th percentiles 35 to 570, p <0.001). Patients with NT-pro-BNP < or =147 pg/ml had a significantly improved survival rate on univariate analysis (p <0.001). In multivariate analysis after adjustment for age, stroke severity, heart and renal failures, levels of NT-pro-BNP were an independent predictor of mortality >6 months after stroke (adjusted hazard ratio 1.5, 95% confidence interval 1.1 to 1.9, p = 0.005). In conclusion, NT-pro-BNP concentrations measured during the stable phase after acute ischemic stroke are strongly predictive of long-term mortality.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"