Differences between sexes in rectal cooling rates after exercise-induced hyperthermia

Bruno B Lemire, Daniel Gagnon, Ollie Jay, Glen P Kenny
Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 2009, 41 (8): 1633-9

PURPOSE: We evaluated differences between sexes in core cooling rates during cold water immersion after exercise-induced hyperthermia.

METHODS: Ten male (M) and nine female (F) participants, matched for body surface area-to-mass ratio (AD/M) (F: 268 +/- 19 vs M: 261 +/- 16 cm2 x kg(-1)), were recruited for the study. Participants exercised until rectal temperature reached 39.5 degrees C and were subsequently immersed in a 2.0 degrees C circulated water bath until rectal temperature decreased to 37.5 degrees C. Rectal and mean skin temperatures and the relative rate of nonevaporative heat loss (W x m(-2)) were measured continuously during the immersion period.

RESULTS: Males were heavier, had a lower body fat percentage, and had a greater amount of lean body mass compared with females (P < or = 0.05). Significant differences were found in the overall cooling rate for rectal temperature (F: 0.22 +/- 0.07 vs M: 0.12 +/- 0.03 degrees C x min(-1), P = 0.001) and in the overall immersion times (F: 10.89 +/- 4.49 vs M: 18.13 +/- 4.47 min, P = 0.003). Mean skin temperature was lower in females compared with that in males during the immersion period (P < 0.001), although there were no differences between sexes in the rate of nonevaporative heat loss (P = 0.180).

CONCLUSIONS: Although females had a similar AD/M and greater body adiposity, they had approximately 1.7-fold greater rectal cooling rate. Because AD/M and body adiposity do not seem to influence rectal cooling rates in previously hyperthermic individuals, the greater cooling rates in females may be attributed to physical differences in lean body mass.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"