PA-MSHA inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis through the up-regulation and activation of caspases in the human breast cancer cell lines

Zhe-Bin Liu, Yi-Feng Hou, Gen-Hong Di, Jiong Wu, Zhen-Zhou Shen, Zhi-Ming Shao
Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 2009 September 1, 108 (1): 195-206
To investigate the effects of PA-MSHA (Pseudomonas aeruginosa-mannose sensitive hemagglutinin) on inhibiting proliferation of breast cancer cell lines and to explore its mechanisms of action in human breast cancer cells. MCF-10A, MCF-7, MDA-MB-468, and MDA-MB-231HM cells were treated with PA-MSHA or PA (Heat-killed P. aeruginosa) at different concentrations and different times. Changes of cell super-microstructure were observed by transmission electron microscopy. Cell cycle distribution and apoptosis induced by PA-MSHA were measured by flow cytometry (FCM) with PI staining, ANNEXIN V-FITC staining and Hoechst33258 staining under fluorescence microscopy. Western blot was used to evaluate the expression level of apoptosis-related molecules. A time-dependent and concentration-dependent cytotoxic effect of PA-MSHA was observed in MDA-MB-468 and MDA-MB-231HM cells but not in MCF-10A or MCF-7 cells. The advent of PA-MSHA changed cell morphology, that is to say, increases in autophagosomes, and vacuoles in the cytoplasm could also be observed. FCM with PI staining, ANNEXIN V-FITC and Hoechst33258 staining showed that the different concentrations of PA-MSHA could all induce the apoptosis and G(0)-G(1) cell cycle arrest of breast cancer cells. Cleaved caspase 3, 8, 9, and Fas protein expression levels were strongly associated with an increase in apoptosis of the breast cancer cells. There was a direct relationship with increased concentrations of PA-MSHA but not of PA. Completely different from PA, PA-MSHA may impart antiproliferative effects against breast cancer cells by inducing apoptosis mediated by at least a death receptor-related cell apoptosis signal pathway, and affecting the cell cycle regulation machinery.

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