RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
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Multicenter investigation comparing a highly efficient half-time stress-only attenuation correction approach against standard rest-stress Tc-99m SPECT imaging.

BACKGROUND: New iterative algorithms for scatter compensation (SC), noise suppression, and depth-dependent collimator resolution (RR) can shorten rest and stress SPECT acquisitions by 50% while maintaining quality and accuracy equivalent to conventional scans. Full-time stress-only myocardial perfusion SPECT is accurate and efficient when combined with line-source attenuation correction (LSAC). We investigated the potential for half-time stress-only LSAC-SPECT by comparing this to conventional rest/stress SPECT in patients imaged for suspected CAD at three different centers.

METHODS: One hundred and ten patients (58% men, 53% exercise) had 64 projection rest/stress Tc-99m ECG-gated SPECT with simultaneous Gd-153 LSAC: 18 had
RESULTS: Comparing rest/stress FBP and HT-LSAC, stress perfusion quality was excellent/good in 82 and 89% (P = .13); interpretive certainty (definitely normal or abnormal) was 88 and 95% (P = .14); sensitivity was 77 and 83% (P = .38); specificity was 67 and 71% (P = .65); normalcy was 94 and 100% (P = 1.0); SSS for CAD pts was 7.4 vs 7.8 and for non-CAD pts was 0.7 vs 0 (P = .44 and .16, respectively). Mean stress LVEF was 60% in both groups.

CONCLUSION: Stress-only imaging with HT-LSAC using the Astonish acquisition/processing method provides results equivalent to conventional rest/stress scanning. This new approach has the potential to significantly improve operational efficiency without sacrificing accuracy.

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