Time point is important for effects of syngeneic bone marrow transplantation for type 1 diabetes in mice

Y Wen, J Ouyang, W Li, J Chen, Y Liu, L Meng, H Zhang, X Zhou
Transplantation Proceedings 2009, 41 (5): 1801-7

OBJECTIVES: Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has recently become a novel therapy for patients with new-onset type 1 diabetes (T1D). However, the optimal time points for HSCT are still unknown.

METHODS: By using multiple low-dose streptozotocin (STZ)-induced T1D mice models, we performed syngeneic bone marrow transplantation (syn-BMT) in diabetic mice at various time points new-onset day 3 (n = 12); new-onset day 10 (n = 13); later-onset day 20 (n = 12); and day 40 (n = 7), respectively. At 120 days after syn-BMT, we examined pancreata histology, serum insulin, and CD4(+)CD25(+)FoxP3(+) T regulatory lymphocytes (Tregs).

RESULTS: Our previous results showed that syn-BMT can overcome diabetes when performed on day 10, but not at day 40. Our new data showed BMT only attenuated diabetes when done on day 3 or day 20. Moreover, the percentage of Tregs in the spleen correlated with the attenuation of hyperglycemia.

SIGNIFICANCE: These results indicated that syn-BMT should be performed, when diabetes is neither too new-onset nor too late-stage. Tregs represent one mechanism for syn-BMT-induced restoration of immune tolerance in STZ-diabetic mice.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"