JOURNAL ARTICLE

The response to bronchodilators in adults is not predictive of bronchial-hyperreactivity

Oren Fruchter, Emilia Hardak, Mordechai Yigla
Journal of Asthma 2009, 46 (5): 455-9
19544164

BACKGROUND: In some subjects with suspected asthma who have normal spirometry, administration of bronchodilators (BD) improves expiratory flow rates. The predictive value of this phenomenon in adults is not known.

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the predictive value of the response to BD for bronchial hyper-responsiveness (BHR) using the metacholine challenge test (MCT). Patients and methods. The study population included 62 non-smoking adult patients (41.9% women) 29.5 +/- 15.5 years of age (range 18-64 years) with suspected asthma with normal spirometry that underwent MCT within 1 week. The response to BD (200 mu g inhaled salbutamol) was compared between subjects with positive and negative MCT using cutoff levels of provocative concentrations of metacholine causing a 20% decrease in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV(1)) (PC(20)) of 4 and 8 mg/mL.

RESULTS: Mean (+/- SD) baseline FEV(1) was 87.8 +/- 12% of predicted. After BD administration the mean FEV(1) increased by 4.3 +/- 3.9%. The prevalence of BHR was 17.7% and 25.8% for PC(20) for PC(20) of 4 mg/mL and 8 mg/mL, respectively. The post-BD FEV(1) increment for subjects with positive and negative MCT tests was 3.9% +/- 3.3% versus 4.4% +/- 4.1%, respectively; p = 0.89, using cutoff of 4 mg/mL. The corresponding figures for cutoff of 8 mg/ml were 4.3% +/- 3.1% vs. 4.3% +/- 4.2%, respectively; p = 0.8465. There was no correlation between post-BD FEV(1) increment and PC(20) values in patients with positive MCT test for the above-mentioned cutoff levels (correlation coefficient r = 0.1645, p = 0.6289; and r = 0.2417, p = 0.4051, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: In adults with suspected asthma who have normal spirometry, the response to BD cannot be used to predict BHR.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
19544164
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"