Purification and characterization of angiotensin I converting enzyme inhibitory peptides from the rotifer, Brachionus rotundiformis

Jung Kwon Lee, Suhee Hong, Joong-Kyun Jeon, Se-Kwon Kim, Hee-Guk Byun
Bioresource Technology 2009, 100 (21): 5255-9
Angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory peptide was isolated from the marine rotifer, Brachionus rotundiformis. ACE inhibitory peptides were separated from rotifer hydrolysate prepared by Alcalase, alpha-chymotrypsin, Neutrase, papain, and trypsin. The Alcalase hydrolysate had the highest ACE inhibitory activity compared to the other hydrolysates. The IC(50) value of Alcalase hydrolysate for ACE inhibitory activity was 0.63 mg/ml. We attempted to isolate ACE inhibitory peptides from Alcalase prepared rotifer hydrolysate using gel filtration on a Sephadex G-25 column and high performance liquid chromatography on an ODS column. The IC(50) value of purified ACE inhibitory peptide was 9.64 microM, and Lineweaver-Burk plots suggest that the peptide purified from rotifer protein acts as a competitive inhibitor against ACE. Amino acid sequence of the peptide was identified as Asp-Asp-Thr-Gly-His-Asp-Phe-Glu-Asp-Thr-Gly-Glu-Ala-Met, with a molecular weight 1538 Da. The results of this study suggest that peptides derived from rotifers may be beneficial as anti-hypertension compounds in functional foods resource.

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