Accelerated partial breast irradiation: what is dosimetric effect of advanced technology approaches?

Jean M Moran, Merav A Ben-David, Robin B Marsh, James M Balter, Kent A Griffith, James A Hayman, Lori J Pierce
International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics 2009 September 1, 75 (1): 294-301

PURPOSE: The present treatment planning study compared whole breast radiotherapy (WBRT) to accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) for different external beam techniques and geometries (e.g., free breathing [FB] and deep inspiration breath hold [DIBH]).

METHODS AND MATERIALS: After approval by our institutional review board, a treatment planning study was performed of 10 patients with left-sided Stage 0-I breast cancer enrolled in a Phase I-II study of APBI using intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). After lumpectomy, patients underwent planning computed tomography scans during FB and using an active breathing control device at DIBH. For the FB geometry, standard WBRT and three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) APBI plans were created. For the DIBH geometry with active breathing control, WBRT, 3D-CRT, and IMRT APBI plans were created.

RESULTS: All APBI techniques had excellent planning target volume coverage. The maximal planning target volume dose was reduced from 116% of the prescription dose to 108% with the IMRT(DIBH) APBI plan. The maximal heart dose was >30 Gy for the WBRT techniques, 8.2 Gy for 3D-CRT(FB), and <5.0 Gy for 3D-CRT(DIBH) and IMRT(DIBH) techniques. The mean left anterior descending artery dose was significantly reduced from 11.4 Gy with WBRT(FB) to 4.2 with WBRT(DIBH) and <2.0 Gy with all APBI techniques.

CONCLUSION: Although planning target volume coverage was acceptable with all techniques, the plans using the DIBH geometry resulted in a marked reduction in the normal tissue dose compared with WBRT planned in the absence of cardiac blocking. Additional study is needed to determine whether these techniques result in clinical benefits.

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