JOURNAL ARTICLE

Decursin inhibits VEGF-mediated inner blood-retinal barrier breakdown by suppression of VEGFR-2 activation

Jin Hyoung Kim, Jeong Hun Kim, You Mie Lee, Eun-Mi Ahn, Kyu-Won Kim, Young Suk Yu
Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism 2009, 29 (9): 1559-67
19536074
The blood-retinal barrier (BRB) is essential for the normal structural and functional integrity of the retina, whose breakdown could cause the serious vision loss. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), as a permeable factor, induces alteration of tight junction proteins to result in BRB breakdown. Herein, we demonstrated that decursin inhibits VEGF-mediated inner BRB breakdown through suppression of VEGFR-2 signaling pathway. In retinal endothelial cells, decursin inhibited VEGF-mediated hyperpermeability. Decursin prevented VEGF-mediated loss of tight junction proteins including zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1), ZO-2, and occludin in retinal endothelial cells, which was also supported by restoration of tight junction proteins in intercellular junction. In addition, decursin significantly inhibited VEGF-mediated vascular leakage from retinal vessels, which was accompanied by prevention of loss of tight junction proteins in retinal vessels. Decursin significantly suppressed VEGF-induced VEGFR-2 phosphrylation that consequently led to inhibition of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2 activation. Moreover, decursin induced no cytotoxicity to retinal endothelial cells and no retinal toxicity under therapeutic concentrations. Therefore, our results suggest that decursin prevents VEGF-mediated BRB breakdown through blocking of loss of tight junction proteins, which might be regulated by suppression of VEGFR-2 activation. As a novel inhibitor to BRB breakdown, decursin could be applied to variable retinopathies with BRB breakdown.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
19536074
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"