CTLA-4 CT60 polymorphism in thyroid and polyglandular autoimmunity

G Dultz, N Matheis, M Dittmar, K Bender, G J Kahaly
Hormone and Metabolic Research 2009, 41 (6): 426-9
Autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITDs) frequently occur together with other endocrine autoimmune conditions, denominated as polyglandular autoimmunity (PGA). The cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA-4) gene was recently associated with AITD and PGA, and the CTLA-4 protein is a strong inhibitor of T-cells.The tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) is a proinflammatory cytokine. This study aimed to analyze the association of the CTLA-4 CT60 and TNF-alpha-863 polymorphisms with PGA. Homogeneous groups of 70 patients with AITD, 70 with type 1 diabetes (T1D), 70 with both AITD and T1D (PGA), and 100 healthy controls were genotyped for the CTLA-4 CT60 and TNF-alpha-863 polymorphisms by minisequencing on an ABI PRISM-3100 genetic analyzer. The CT60 G/G genotype was significantly more common in patients with PGA than in healthy controls (48.6 % vs. 32.0 % , OR = 2.01, 95 % CI = 1.07-3.77, p = 0.038). The CT60 allele frequencies differed as well between PGA patients and controls, with the predisposing G allele being increased in PGA (OR = 1.63, 95 % CI = 1.03-2.55, p = 0.042). Patients with PGA did not differ from those with AITD (p = 0.602) or T1D(p = 0.362). For TNF-alpha-863, carriers of the minor A allele occurred more frequently in the T1D group than in controls (47.1 % vs. 33 % , OR = 1.81, 95 % CI = 0.97-3.39, p = 0.079), but no differences in allele or genotype distribution were noted between PGA patients and controls (p = 0.886 and 0.389, respectively). In conclusion the CTLA-4 CT60 polymorphism is associated with PGA.

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