Resveratrol ameliorates DNA damage, prooxidant and antioxidant imbalance in 1,2-dimethylhydrazine induced rat colon carcinogenesis

M Sengottuvelan, K Deeptha, N Nalini
Chemico-biological Interactions 2009 October 7, 181 (2): 193-201
Colorectal cancer is one of the most common internal malignancies in Western society. Currently oxidative stress has been increasingly postulated as a major contributor to carcinogenesis. The assessment of damage in various biological matrices, such as tissues and cells, is vital to understand the development of carcinogenesis and subsequently devising intervention strategies. Thus, the major objective of the present study was to examine the effect of resveratrol (Res) on DNA damage in a short-term study of 16 days and circulatory lipid peroxidation, enzymic/non-enzymic antioxidants status in a long-term study of 30 weeks in 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH) induced colon carcinogenesis. Wistar male rats were divided into 6 groups, group 1 were control rats, group 2 rats received Res (8mg/kg body weight, orally, everyday), rats in groups 3-6 were administered (DMH, 20mg/kg body weight, s.c.) as four injections in order to induce DNA damage in the short-term or once a week for the first 15 weeks in the long-term study. In addition to DMH, group 4 (initiation), 5 (post-initiation) and 6 (entire-period) received Res (8mg/kg body weight, p.o., everyday). The results revealed that, supplementation with Res (entire-period) treatment regimen significantly reduced the DMH-induced leukocytic DNA damage (tail length, tail moment, % DNA in the comet tail and olive tail moment) as compared to DMH-alone treated rats. In addition, entire-period Res supplementation increased the enzymic (superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione reductase, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione S-transferase) and non-enzymic (reduced glutathione, vitamin C, vitamin E and beta-carotene) antioxidant status with a corresponding decrease in the extent of lipid peroxidation markers (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, diene conjugates and lipid hydroperoxides). Conversely, Res supplementation during initiation and post-initiation regimen did not produce greater modulatory effects. Our results indicate that DMH-induced DNA damage and oxidative stress were suppressed/prevented effectively by chronic Res supplementation.

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