Aberrant epigenetic modifications in the CTCF binding domain of the IGF2/H19 gene in prostate cancer compared with benign prostate hyperplasia

Agnieszka Paradowska, Irina Fenic, Lutz Konrad, Klaus Sturm, Florian Wagenlehner, Wolfgang Weidner, Klaus Steger
International Journal of Oncology 2009, 35 (1): 87-96
Expression of the imprinted genes insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) and H19 depends on the methylation pattern of their common imprinting control region (ICR) located on chromosome 11p15. As the somatic imprinting pattern may be lost during tumorigenesis due to epigenetic alterations, in the present study, we analyzed the DNA methylation and histone modifications in the differentially methylated region (DMR) of IGF2/H19 in benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate carcinoma (PCa). Sodium bisulfite sequencing was performed on frozen tissue collected after radical prostatectomy. Thirty tumors and 17 non-cancerous tissue samples were analyzed. Histological diagnosis was, in addition, confirmed by amplification of the epithelial tumor marker alpha-methylacyl coenzyme-A racemase. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assay (ChIP) was carried out on sonificated chromatin from fresh tissue samples from 10 PCa, 10 BPH using antibodies against trimethyl histone H3K9, dimethyl histone H3K9, trimethyl H3K27 and acetyl H3K9. The methylation pattern of 17 CpGs within 227 bp of the H19 fragment was characterized from each DNA sample. All (BPH) samples demonstrated >80% methylation of CpGs. In contrast, we found 41% of CpGs methylated in 9 out of 30 PCa specimens. We observed statistically significant differences in the methylation state between PCa and BPH groups, especially in the DMR of H19 (p<0.0001) and in the ICR (p=0.0034), which corresponds to CTCF binding domain. ChIP assay revealed that dimethyl H3K9 is associated with the ICR of IGF2/H19 in BPH, but not in PCa (p<0.0001). Our data demonstrate that DNA methylation and histone methylation analysis of the ICR within the DMR of IGF2/H19 provides important insights into early steps of carcinogenesis and, therefore, may contribute to improving diagnosis of PCa.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"