Engineering of polyhydroxyalkanoate synthase by Ser477X/Gln481X saturation mutagenesis for efficient production of 3-hydroxybutyrate-based copolyesters

Fumi Shozui, Ken'ichiro Matsumoto, Takahiro Sasaki, Seiichi Taguchi
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 2009, 84 (6): 1117-24
Class II polyhydroxyalkanoate synthase from Pseudomonas sp. 61-3 (PhaC1(Ps)) synthesizes 3-hydroxybutyrate (3HB)-based copolyesters, P[3HB-co-3-hydroxyalkanoate (3HA)]. Four sites (130, 325, 477, and 481) in PhaC1(Ps) that affect the cellular content and 3HB fraction of P(3HB-co-3HA) produced have been identified. Simple combination of beneficial mutations at the sites successfully increased 3HB fraction in the copolymers (62 mol.%). However, polymer content was often largely decreased (0.2 wt.%) regardless of an enhancement in 3HB fraction, compared to the wild-type enzyme (14 mol.% 3HB and 12 wt.%; Matsumoto et al. (2006) Biomacromolecules, 7:2436-2442). In the present study, we attempted to explore residues combination at the four sites to overcome the problem. Here, pairwise saturation mutagenesis at the neighboring sites 477 and 481 of PhaC1(Ps) was performed using single and double mutations at sites 130 and 325 as templates to increase 3HB fraction in the copolymer without reducing the polymer content in recombinant Escherichia coli. These useful PhaC1(Ps) mutants were screened based on enhanced P(3HB) content and were subsequently applied to P(3HB-co-3HA) production. Among the mutants tested, the Ser325Cys/Ser477Lys/Gln481Leu mutant exhibited increased 3HB fraction in copolymer (63 mol.%) and also polymer content (18 wt.%), indicating that mutation scrambling was effective for obtaining the desired mutants.

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