Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Postoperative testing to predict recurrent Cushing disease in children.

CONTEXT: Postoperative testing after transsphenoidal surgery (TSS) for Cushing disease (CD) in children and its usefulness in predicting residual disease or recurrence are not well studied.

OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to identify which one of three tests that are routinely performed in our institution after TSS performs better in the identification of noncured patients or predict relapse for CD.

DESIGN: This was a retrospective review of clinical data of 72 children who received surgery for CD (age range 5.8-18.3 yr).

SETTING: The study was conducted at a tertiary care center.

METHODS: After TSS, plasma ACTH and serum cortisol (at 0800 h), urinary free cortisol (UFC) values and an ovine CRH (oCRH) stimulation test were obtained. Patients were followed up for 24-120 months by a formal protocol.

RESULTS: Of 72 children with CD, 66 (94%) achieved sustained remission after TSS. Two children had persistent disease after TSS, whereas four children appeared cured at first but relapsed later. All four had low or undetectable UFCs that were not different from cured patients (P > 0.0.1). Children who remained in remission had significantly lower morning ACTH and cortisol levels after TSS compared with those who relapsed (P < 0.001). During an oCRH stimulation test, ACTH and cortisol values were higher in patients who relapsed vs. those in remission (P <0.001). Lack of histological confirmation of an adenoma, normal serum cortisol or ACTH, a normal response to oCRH, and glucocorticoid replacement for less than 6 months after surgery were associated with relapse.

CONCLUSION: In pediatric patients with CD, low UFCs after TSS are not good predictors of sustained remission; morning ACTH and cortisol values and/or an oCRH test after TSS predicted patients that recurred.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app