JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

The current status of interventions aiming at reducing sudden cardiac death in dialysis patients

Mihály K de Bie, Bastiaan van Dam, André Gaasbeek, Marjolijn van Buren, Lieselot van Erven, Jeroen J Bax, Martin J Schalij, Ton J Rabelink, J Wouter Jukema
European Heart Journal 2009, 30 (13): 1559-64
19465437
Mortality in dialysis patients is extremely high, with an annual death rate of approximately 23%. Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the single largest cause of death in dialysis patients accounting for approximately 60% of all cardiac deaths and 25% of all-cause mortality. Interventions aiming at reducing cardiovascular mortality, especially SCD, in dialysis patients are therefore extremely important and clinically highly relevant. The purpose of this review is to give an outline of the epidemiology of SCD in dialysis patients and to provide a comprehensive overview of several interventional strategies (medical therapies, changing dialysis modality, and revascularization). Furthermore, it will discuss the current knowledge regarding the value of preventive implantable cardioverter defibrillator implantation and address future implications of the interventional strategies mentioned.

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