Selective blockade of DCAMKL-1 results in tumor growth arrest by a Let-7a MicroRNA-dependent mechanism

Sripathi M Sureban, Randal May, Satish Ramalingam, Dharmalingam Subramaniam, Gopalan Natarajan, Shrikant Anant, Courtney W Houchen
Gastroenterology 2009, 137 (2): 649-59, 659.e1-2

BACKGROUND & AIMS: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression. The tumor suppressor miRNA let-7a has been reported to be inhibited posttranscriptionally in embryonic stem cells and in human cancers. Microtubule-associated kinase DCAMKL-1 is a putative intestinal stem cell marker that is expressed in Apc(Min/+) adenomas. We investigated the role of DCAMKL-1 on expression of let-7a miRNA and the oncogene c-Myc and in tumorigenesis.

METHODS: Human tissue microassay slides were immunostained for DCAMKL-1. HCT116 and SW480 cells were transfected with DCAMKL-1 small interfering RNA (siRNA) (si-DCAMKL-1) and analyzed for DCAMKL-1, c-Myc (using immunoblot and real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction [RT-PCR]), and pri-let-7a miRNA (using real-time RT-PCR) levels. A liposomal preparation of si-DCAMKL-1 was administered into HCT116 xenografts in nude mice, and tumor volumes were measured. A luciferase reporter assay, with a plasmid containing a let-7a-binding site at the 3' untranslated region, was utilized to measure let-7a in cell lines. Cells were isolated from normal mouse intestine using DCAMKL-1 and fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) and subjected to pri-let-7a miRNA analysis.

RESULTS: Expression of DCAMKL-1 was increased in human colorectal cancers. siRNA-mediated blockade of DCAMKL-1 resulted in H tumor xenograft growth arrest, increased pri-let-7a miRNA, a corresponding decrease in luciferase activity, and decreased expression of the oncogene c-Myc. DCAMKL-1(+) cells isolated by FACS demonstrated a significant decrease in pri-let-7a miRNA, compared with more differentiated cells.

CONCLUSIONS: DCAMKL-1 is a negative regulator of let-7a miRNA biogenesis in intestinal stem and colorectal cancer cells; it could represent a novel target for anti-cancer stem cell-based strategies.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"