Mean platelet volume and the extent of coronary artery disease: results from a large prospective study

Giuseppe De Luca, Matteo Santagostino, Gioel Gabrio Secco, Ettore Cassetti, Livio Giuliani, Elena Franchi, Lorenzo Coppo, Sergio Iorio, Luca Venegoni, Elisa Rondano, Gabriele Dell'Era, Claudia Rizzo, Patrizia Pergolini, Francesco Monaco, Giorgio Bellomo, Paolo Marino
Atherosclerosis 2009, 206 (1): 292-7

BACKGROUND: Platelets play a central role in the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease. Mean platelet volume (MPV) is an indicator of platelet activation, and has been demonstrated to be correlated with platelet reactivity. The aim of the current study was to investigate whether mean platelet volume is associated with the extent of coronary artery disease.

METHODS: We measured MPV in 1411 consecutive patients undergoing coronary angiography. All angiograms were analyzed by two investigators blinded of clinical data. Significant coronary artery disease was defined as stenosis >50% in at least 1 coronary vessel. We additionally measured Carotid Intima-Media Thickness (IMT) in 359 patients. The relationship between MPV and platelet aggregation was evaluated by PFA-100 in 50 consecutive patients who were not taken any antiplatelet therapy, and in a cohort of patients who were on aspirin by PFA-100 (n=161) and Multiplate (n=94).

RESULTS: Patients were divided into three groups according to tertiles of MPV. Patients with higher MPV were slightly older (p=0.038), with larger prevalence of diabetes (p<0.0001), hypertension (p=0.008), previous CVA (p=0.041), less often with stable angina (p=0.043) and family history of CAD (p=0.011), more often on statins (p=0.012), and diuretics (p=0.007). MPV was associated with baseline glycaemia (p<0.0001) and red blood cell count (p=0.056), but inversely related to platelet count (p<0.0001). MPV was not associated with the extent coronary artery disease (p=0.71) and carotid IMT (p=0.9). No relationship was found between MPV and platelet aggregation.

CONCLUSION: This study showed that MPV is not related to platelet aggregation, the extent of coronary artery disease and carotid IMT. Thus, this parameter cannot be considered as a marker of platelet reactivity or a risk factor for coronary artery disease.

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