The management of eyelid burns

Raman Malhotra, Ijaz Sheikh, Baljit Dheansa
Survey of Ophthalmology 2009, 54 (3): 356-71
Eyelid involvement is common in facial burns. Ocular sequelae, including corneal ulceration, are usually preventable and secondary to the development of eyelid deformities, exposure keratopathy, and rarely, orbital compartment syndrome. Early ophthalmic review and prophylactic ocular lubrication is mandatory in burns involving the eyelids. Early surgical intervention, often requiring repeat procedures, is indicated if eyelid retraction causing corneal exposure occurs. Permanent visual impairment is rare with such prompt management. No binding aphorisms exist regarding the tissue used for eyelid reconstruction, with each case requiring an individual approach based on available skin. This review article covers the principles of ophthalmic management in addition to intermediate and long-term management of eyelid burns.

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