RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Oropharyngeal cleansing with 0.2% chlorhexidine for prevention of nosocomial pneumonia in critically ill patients: an open-label randomized trial with 0.01% potassium permanganate as control.

Chest 2009 May
BACKGROUND: Oral cleansing with chlorhexidine decreases the incidence of nosocomial pneumonia in patients after cardiac surgery. However, evidence of its benefit in ICU patients is conflicting.

METHODS: Patients admitted to the ICU of an Indian tertiary care teaching hospital were randomized to twice-daily oropharyngeal cleansing with 0.2% chlorhexidine or 0.01% potassium permanganate (control) solution. Effects on the incidence of nosocomial pneumonia during ICU stay (primary outcome) and length of ICU stay and in-hospital mortality (secondary outcomes) were studied.

RESULTS: Five hundred twelve patients were randomized to either the chlorhexidine group (n = 250) or the control group (n = 262). Of the 471 subjects who completed the protocol, nosocomial pneumonia developed in 16 of 224 subjects (7.1%) in the chlorhexidine group and 19 of 247 subjects (7.7%) in the control group (p = 0.82; relative risk, 0.93; 95% confidence interval, 0.49 to 1.76); intention-to-treat analysis of 21 patients in whom the cleansing protocol was not followed revealed similar results. There was no significant difference between the study and control groups in the median day of development of pneumonia (5.0 days: interquartile range [IQR], 3.0 to 7.7 vs 5.0 days: IQR, 3.0 to 6.0, respectively), median ICU stay (5.0 days: IQR, 3.0 to 8.0 vs 6.0 days: IQR, 3.0 to 8.0, respectively), and mortality (34.8% vs 28.3%, respectively). On subgroup analysis, there was no significant difference in the primary and secondary outcomes in patients on mechanical ventilation, tracheal intubation, and coma (Glasgow coma scale <or= 8). During the study period, nosocomial pneumonia developed in fewer subjects (35 of 471 subjects [7.4%]) than in the 3 months preceding and following the study (98 of 452 subjects [21.7%]; p < 0.001; relative risk, 0.34; 95% confidence interval, 0.24 to 0.49).

CONCLUSIONS: Oropharyngeal cleansing with 0.2% chlorhexidine solution was not superior to oral cleansing with the control solution. However, the decreased incidence of nosocomial pneumonia during the study period suggests a possible benefit of meticulous oral hygiene in ICU patients.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app