AtMBD9 modulates Arabidopsis development through the dual epigenetic pathways of DNA methylation and histone acetylation

Mahmoud W F Yaish, Mingsheng Peng, Steven J Rothstein
Plant Journal 2009, 59 (1): 123-35
Mutations within the Arabidopsis METHYL-CpG BINDING DOMAIN 9 gene (AtMBD9) cause pleotropic phenotypes including early flowering and multiple lateral branches. Early flowering was previously attributed to the repression of flowering locus C (FLC) due to a reduction in histone acetylation. However, the reasons for other phenotypic variations remained obscure. Recent studies suggest an important functional correlation between DNA methylation and histone modifications. By investigating this relationship, we found that the global genomic DNA of atmbd9 was over-methylated, including the FLC gene region. Recombinant AtMBD9 does not have detectable DNA demethylation activity in vitro, but instead has histone acetylation activity. Ectopic over-expression of AtMBD9 and transient DNA demethylation promotes flowering and causes partial recovery of the normal branching phenotype. Co-immunoprecipitation assays suggest that AtMBD9 interacts in vivo with some regions of the FLC gene and binds to histone 4 (H4). Gene expression profile analysis revealed earlier up-regulation of some flower-specific transcriptional factors and alteration of potential hormonal and signal transducer axillary branching regulatory genes. In accordance with this result, AtMBD9 itself was found to be localized in the nucleus and expressed in the flower and axillary buds. Together, these results suggest that AtMBD9 controls flowering time and axillary branching by modulating gene expression through DNA methylation and histone acetylation, and reveal another component of the epigenetic mechanism controlling gene expression.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"