JOURNAL ARTICLE

Mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase-1 in human breast cancer independently predicts prognosis and is repressed by doxorubicin

Federico Rojo, Irene González-Navarrete, Rafael Bragado, Alba Dalmases, Silvia Menéndez, Maria Cortes-Sempere, Cristina Suárez, Cristina Oliva, Sonia Servitja, Vanesa Rodriguez-Fanjul, Isabel Sánchez-Pérez, Clara Campas, Josep Maria Corominas, Ignasi Tusquets, Beatriz Bellosillo, Sergi Serrano, Rosario Perona, Ana Rovira, Joan Albanell
Clinical Cancer Research 2009 May 15, 15 (10): 3530-9
19417026

PURPOSE: Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphatase-1 (MKP-1) dephosphorylates mitogen-activated protein kinase [extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK), and p38], mediates breast cancer chemoresistance, and is repressible by doxorubicin in breast cancer cells. We aimed to characterize doxorubicin effects on MKP-1 and phospho-MAPKs in human breast cancers and to further study the clinical relevance of MKP-1 expression in this disease.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Doxorubicin effects on MKP-1, phospho-ERK1/2 (p-ERK1/2), phospho-JNK (p-JNK), and phospho-p38 were assayed in a panel of human breast cancer cells by Western blot and in human breast cancer were assayed ex vivo by immunohistochemistry (n = 50). MKP-1 expression was also assayed in a range of normal to malignant breast lesions (n = 30) and in a series of patients (n = 96) with breast cancer and clinical follow-up.

RESULTS: MKP-1 was expressed at low levels in normal breast and in usual ductal hyperplasia and at high levels in in situ carcinoma. MKP-1 was overexpressed in approximately 50% of infiltrating breast carcinomas. Similar to what was observed in breast cancer cell lines, ex vivo exposure of breast tumors to doxorubicin down-regulated MKP-1, and up-regulated p-ERK1/2 and p-JNK, in the majority of cases. However, in a proportion of tumors overexpressing MKP-1, doxorubicin did not significantly affect MKP-1 or phospho-MAPKs. With regard to patient outcome, MKP-1 overexpression was an adverse prognostic factor for relapse both by univariate (P < 0.001) and multivariate analysis (P = 0.002).

CONCLUSIONS: MKP-1 is overexpressed during the malignant transformation of the breast and independently predicts poor prognosis. Furthermore, MKP-1 is repressed by doxorubicin in many human breast cancers.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
19417026
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"