Hand-assisted laparoscopic vs. open subtotal colectomy for severe ulcerative colitis

Kazuhiro Watanabe, Yuji Funayama, Kouhei Fukushima, Chikashi Shibata, Ken-ichi Takahashi, Iwao Sasaki
Diseases of the Colon and Rectum 2009, 52 (4): 640-5

PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the feasibility and safety of undergoing emergency subtotal colectomy with hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery in patients with severe ulcerative colitis.

METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 60 patients who underwent emergency subtotal colectomy with hand-assisted laparoscopic technique (30 cases) or open technique (30 cases) for severe ulcerative colitis.

RESULTS: No intraoperative complications occurred in either group. One patient in the laparoscopic group required conversion to open surgery. The median operative time was significantly longer in the laparoscopic group (242 vs. 191 minutes; P < 0.001). The rate of early postoperative complications in the laparoscopic group was significantly less than that in the open group (37 percent vs. 63 percent; P = 0.041). In the open group, four patients required relaparotomy because of peritoneal abscess or strangulation ileus, whereas no patient required relaparotomy in the laparoscopic group (P = 0.040). In the laparoscopic group, the median duration of postoperative food prohibition was significantly shorter (4.8 vs. 5.9 days; P = 0.007), and the median length of hospital stay was significantly shorter (23.0 vs. 33.0 days; P = 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: Although the operative time was elongated in the laparoscopic group, intraoperative safety and postoperative recovery were satisfactory. For severe ulcerative colitis, hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery can be an alternative to conventional open surgery.

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