Dehydrocostuslactone disrupts signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 through up-regulation of suppressor of cytokine signaling in breast cancer cells

Po-Lin Kuo, Wen-Chiu Ni, Eing-Mei Tsai, Ya-Ling Hsu
Molecular Cancer Therapeutics 2009, 8 (5): 1328-39
This study investigates the anticancer effect of dehydrocostuslactone (DHE), a plant-derived sesquiterpene lactone, on human breast cancer cells. DHE inhibits cell proliferation by inducing cells to undergo cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. DHE suppresses the expression of cyclin D, cyclin A, cyclin-dependent kinase 2, and cdc25A and increases the amount of p53 and p21, resulting in G(0)/G(1)-S phase arrest in MCF-7 cells. In contrast, DHE caused S-G(2)/M arrest by increasing p21 expression and chk1 activation and inhibiting cyclin A, cyclin B, cdc25A, and cdc25C expression in MDA-MB-231 cells. DHE induces up-regulation of Bax and Bad, down-regulation of Bcl-2 and Bcl-XL, and nuclear relocation of the mitochondrial factors apoptosis-inducing factor and endonuclease G. We also found that DHE inhibits survival signaling through the Janus tyrosine kinase-signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 signaling by increasing the expression of suppressors of cytokine signaling (SOCS)-1 and SOCS-3. Reduction of SOCS-1 and SOCS-3 expression by small interfering RNA inhibits DHE-mediated signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 inhibition, p21 up-regulation, and cyclin-dependent kinase 2 blockade, supporting the hypothesis that DHE inhibits cell cycle progression and cell death through SOCS-1 and SOCS-3. Significantly, animal studies have revealed a 50% reduction in tumor volume after a 45-day treatment period. Taken together, this study provides new insights into the molecular mechanism of the DHE action that may contribute to the chemoprevention of breast cancer.

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