JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

The utility of bedside ultrasonography in identifying fractures and guiding fracture reduction in children.

OBJECTIVE: To compare bedside ultrasonography (BUS) to radiography for identifying long bone fractures, the need for reduction, and the adequacy of reduction.

METHODS: Children aged 2 to 17 years presenting to a pediatric emergency department with long bone injuries were prospectively enrolled. Bedside ultrasonography was performed before ordering initial radiographs. If a fracture was identified, measurements of angulation and displacement were made based on BUS images. Radiographs were used to guide management. Patients who had a fracture identified on radiograph underwent standard care. Later, agreement between BUS and radiography for fracture identification, the need for reduction, and the adequacy of reduction were determined.

RESULTS: Thirty-three patients were enrolled, the mean age was 9.1 years (+/-3.1 years). Sixty six bones were studied; 56 (84.8%) involved the upper extremity. Fractures were identified in 59.1% of all bones; 13 (33.3%) required reduction.The agreement between BUS and radiography for fracture identification was 95.5%, for the need for reduction 92.3%, and for the adequacy of reduction 92.3%. The sensitivity and specificity of BUS for fracture identification, need for reduction and reduction adequacy was 0.97 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.85-1.00), 0.93 (95% CI, 0.74-0.99), and 1.00 (95% CI 0.79-1.00), and 0.85 (95% CI, 0.61-0.96), 1.00 (95% CI, 0.59-1.00) and 0.80 (95% CI, 0.30-0.99), respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that BUS evaluation of upper extremity injuries not involving joints maybe comparable to radiography for identifying fractures, the need for reduction, and the adequacy of reduction in children. If further investigations which include a larger number of lower extremity, growth plate, and joint injuries support our findings, BUS may gain a more prominent role in managing children with all long bone injuries.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app