JOURNAL ARTICLE

Lentivirus-mediated small interfering RNA targeting VEGF-C inhibited tumor lymphangiogenesis and growth in breast carcinoma

Baoliang Guo, Yafang Zhang, Guoqing Luo, Lichun Li, Jianguo Zhang
Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology 2009, 292 (5): 633-9
19382240
Lymph node metastasis is a major prognostic factor for patients with breast cancer. The activation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C plays a key role in lymph node metastasis through promoting lymphangiogenesis. Thus, we attempted to elucidate whether small interfering RNAs (siRNA) targeting VEGF-C could suppress lymphangiogenesis and lymph node metastasis in vivo. A lentivirus-based VEGF-C siRNA vector was infected into breast cancer cells and a xenograft model. The expression of VEGF-C mRNA and protein were quantified by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (QRT-PCR), immunohistochemistry, and western blot analysis. The effect of VEGF-C siRNA on breast cancer cells was investigated by an invasion assay. Lymphangiogenesis was analyzed with anti-LYVE-1 and anti-D2-40 by immunohistochemical analysis. Lentivirus-mediated VEGF-C siRNA stably reduced VEGF-C mRNA and protein expression. VEGF-C siRNA inhibited the invasive ability of breast cancer cells in vitro. Five weeks after intratumoral injection, the tumor volume was significantly smaller in the VEGF-C siRNA group than in the control scramble siRNA group in the MDA-MB-231 cell xenograft model. The numbers of LYVE-1 and D2-40 positive vessels per microscopic field were significantly decreased in the VEGF-C siRNA group, which indicates that VEGF-C siRNA inhibited lymphangiogenesis. Moreover, lymph node metastasis was significantly suppressed by VEGF-C siRNA in vivo. In conclusion, these results indicate that lentivirus-mediated VEGF-C siRNA offers a new approach for therapeutic intervention to prevent tumor growth and lymphatic metastasis of breast cancer.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
19382240
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"