Intra-articular botulinum toxin A for refractory shoulder pain: a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial

Jasvinder A Singh, Maren L Mahowald, Siamak Noorbaloochi
Translational Research: the Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine 2009, 153 (5): 205-16
We compared the short-term efficacy and safety of intra-articular (IA) botulinum toxin A (BoNT/A) to IA-placebo in patients with chronic, refractory shoulder joint pain. Forty-three shoulder joints in patients with moderate-to-severe shoulder arthritis pain were randomized to receive (1) 100 units IA-BoNT/A + lidocaine or (2) IA-saline + lidocaine. The following outcomes were compared using analysis of covariance: (1) primary: change in pain severity on a visual analog scale at 1 month (VAS, 0 cm to 10 cm); (2) secondary: Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI) disability subscale, quality of life on short-form (SF)-36 subscales, percent of patients who achieved at least a 30% decrease or a 2-point reduction in VAS pain (clinically meaningful pain relief), and safety. Both BoNT/A (n = 21) and placebo (n = 22) groups were comparable at baseline. At 1 month post-injection, the VAS pain reduction was significantly more in the BoNT/A group versus the placebo group (-2.4 vs -0.8; P-value = 0.014). When comparing BoNT/A with the placebo group at 1 month, it was observed that 5 SF-36 subscale scores improved significantly (P </= 0.035), and the SPADI disability improved more with a trend toward significance (51.5 +/- 4.4 vs 64.9 +/- 3.9; P = 0.083). In addition, clinically meaningful pain relief occurred in 61% versus 36% patients (P = 0.22). The total number of adverse events was similar, which included 50 events in the BoNT/A group versus 46 events in the placebo group. A single injection of BoNT/A produced statistically significant and clinically meaningful pain relief and improvement in quality of life in patients with chronic refractory moderate/severe shoulder arthritis pain at 1 month. These data provide evidence to support the efficacy of this novel neurotoxin therapy that needs to be confirmed in a multicenter, randomized trial.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"