Protective effects of erythropoietin on ischemia/reperfusion injury of rat ovary

Mehmet Karaca, Fehmi Odabasoglu, Yakup Kumtepe, Abdulmecit Albayrak, Elif Cadirci, Osman N Keles
European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology 2009, 144 (2): 157-62

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of erythropoietin (EPO) as an antioxidant and tissue protective agent and study the biochemical and histopathological changes in experimental ischemia and ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in rat ovaries.

STUDY DESIGN: 36 Adult female rats were used. The experimental groups were designed as Group 1: sham operation; Group 2: bilateral ovarian ischemia; and Group 3: 3 h period of ischemia followed by 3 h reperfusion. Group 4 rats were administered a 5000 IU dose of EPO, before 0.5 h of ischemia, and then bilateral ovarian ischemia was applied. After a 3 h period of ischemia, the bilateral ovaries were removed. In Group 5, a 3 h period of bilateral ovarian ischemia was applied. 2.5 h after the induction of ischemia, the rats were administered the same dose of EPO. At the end of a 3 h period of ischemia, 3h reperfusion was continued after the ovaries were removed. Group 6 underwent a sham operation after administration of 5000 IU/kg of EPO. After the experiments, superoxide dismutase (SOD), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity were determined, and histopathological changes were examined in all rat ovarian tissue.

RESULTS: Ischemia and ischemia/reperfusion increased the iNOS and MPO activity while decreasing the SOD activity significantly in comparison to the sham group. The 5000 IU/kg of EPO before ischemia and I/R reversed the trend in iNOS and MPO activities. The levels of SOD were decreased by the ischemia and I/R. The administration of EPO before ischemia and I/R treatments also reversed the trend in the SOD levels. In the ischemia/reperfusion plus EPO groups, though we observed minimal vascular dilation in the ovary stroma and some degenerative cell clusters, most of cellular structures did not show any pathological changes.

CONCLUSIONS: Administration of EPO is effective in reversing tissue damage induced by ischemia and/or ischemia/reperfusion in ovaries.

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