Rifampicin alters atorvastatin plasma concentration on the basis of SLCO1B1 521T>C polymorphism

Yi-Jing He, Wei Zhang, Yao Chen, Dong Guo, Jiang-Hua Tu, Lin-Yong Xu, Zhi-Rong Tan, Bi-Lian Chen, Zhi Li, Gan Zhou, Bang-Ning Yu, Julia Kirchheiner, Hong-Hao Zhou
Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry 2009, 405 (1-2): 49-52

BACKGROUND: Both atorvastatin and rifampicin are substrates of OATP1B1 (organic anion transporting polypeptide 1B1) encoded by SLCO1B1 gene. Rifampicin is a potent inhibitor of SLCO1B1 (IC50 1.5 umol/l) and SLCO1B1 521T>C functional genetic polymorphism alters the kinetics of atorvastatin in vivo. We hypothesize that rifampicin might influence atorvastatin kinetics in a SLCO1B1 polymorphism dependent manner.

METHODS: Sixteen subjects with known SLCO1B1 genotypes (6 c.521TT, 6 c.521TC and 4 c.521CC) were divided into 2 groups (atorvastatin-placebo group, n=8; atorvastatin-rifampicin group, n=8) randomly. In this 2-phase crossover study, atorvastatin (40 mg single-oral dose) pharmacokinetics after co-administration of placebo and rifampicin (600 mg single-oral dose) were measured for up to 48 h by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). In the third phase, rifampicin (450 mg single-oral dose) pharmacokinetics was measured additionally.

RESULTS: Rifampicin increased atorvastatin plasma concentration in accordance with SLCO1B1 521T>C genotype while the increasing percentage of AUC((0-48)) among c.521TT, c.521TC and c.521CC individuals were 833+/-245% vs 468+/-233% vs 330+/-223% (P=0.007). However, SLCO1B1 521T>C exerted no impact on rifampicin pharmacokinetics (P>0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: These results suggested that rifampicin elevated the plasma concentration of atorvastatin depending on SLCO1B1 genotype and rifampicin pharmacokinetics were not altered by SLCO1B1 genotype.

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