JOURNAL ARTICLE

Neuroprotection by c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase inhibitor SP600125 against potassium deprivation-induced apoptosis involves the Akt pathway and inhibition of cell cycle reentry

M Yeste-Velasco, J Folch, G Casadesús, M A Smith, M Pallàs, A Camins
Neuroscience 2009 March 31, 159 (3): 1135-47
19356694
Increasing evidence implicates the c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK) pathway in the regulation of apoptosis in neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, we examined the neuroprotective effect of SP600125, a selective JNK inhibitor, in cerebellar granule cells (CGNs) deprived of serum and potassium (S/K withdrawal). S/K withdrawal-induced apoptosis occurs via activation of multiple pro-apoptotic pathways, including re-entry into the cell cycle, activation of glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK-3beta), cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (cdk5/p35) breakdown, formation of cdk5/p25 and JNK activation. Here we demonstrate that SP600125 is able to inhibit all these pro-apoptotic pathways via the inhibition of JNK. Further, we found that JNK inhibition maintains the phosphorylation/activation of Akt after S/K withdrawal. For further confirmation of this result, we studied several targets downstream of Akt including GSK-3beta, p-FOXO1, p-CREB and p35. In addition, the specific PI3K/Akt inhibitor LY294002 greatly diminished the antiapoptotic effects of SP600125 upon S/K withdrawal, confirming that Akt is involved in the neuroprotection achieved by SP600125. These results suggest that the maintenance of the PI3-kinase/Akt pathway by inhibition of JNK contributes to the prevention of apoptosis in rat cerebellar granule neurons mediated by S/K withdrawal. Furthermore, we propose that JNK may regulate the cell cycle re-entry by a novel mechanism that involves Akt, GSK-3beta and Rb phosphorylation.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
19356694
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"